Haiti history, language and culture history of haiti. But one of the fundamental aspects of haiti is its resilience. Cnn a major earthquake struck southern haiti on tuesday, inflicting a catastrophe on the impoverished caribbean nation. Haiti, born of slavery and revolution, has struggled with centuries of crippling debt, exploitation, corruption and violence. Ben fountains top 10 books about haiti books the guardian. Western of the island is haiti, other 23 is the d. The first section of this multipart book other sections focus on the balkans conflicts of the 1990s, and the war on terror is drawn from. Jan 12, 2010 cnn a major earthquake struck southern haiti on tuesday, inflicting a catastrophe on the impoverished caribbean nation. It is bounded on the north by the atlantic ocean, on the south by the caribbean sea, and on the east by the dominican republic. Christopher columbus landed on the shores of hipaniola in 1492, and the native people there were all but. World directory of minorities and indigenous peoples haiti refworld. The first was the extermination of the tainoswho were the original inhabitants of haiti after christopher columbus landed in 1492. List of books and articles about haitian history online.
However on 6 december 1492 christopher columbus landed at mole saintnicolas on the northwest and called the island espanola, which was later anglicized as hispaniola. Italian navigator christopher columbus sighted quisqueya on dec. The united states is the countrys leading trading partner. A story of haiti, by edwidge danticat, pictures by alix delinois. Haiti, from revolution to the kidnapping of a president is a book on the. Haiti ranked number 143 out of 148 overall in the 2014 nri ranking, down from 141 in 20. The revolt is the first of many as slaves fight colonial rule throughout saintdomingues history using various forms of resistance. It also provides a timeline of haitian history from pre1492 to 1804 and. Christopher columbus landing on the island of hispaniola in 1492. The recorded history of haiti began on 5 december 1492, when the european navigator christopher columbus happened upon a large island in the region of the western atlantic ocean that later came to be known as the caribbean.
There has been some call for what history books are available about haiti. Haiti history, language and culture world travel guide. The island that now includes haiti and the dominican republic was first inhabited about 5000 bce, and farming villages were established about 300 bce. Industry in haiti consists largely of light assembly of imported parts and the manufacture of textiles. He and his wife, chris woolwinemoen, produced thousands of awardwinning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Columbus and the taino exploring the early americas exhibitions. Before reading this book i was very interested on visiting haiti, now i am not so. Slaves revolt against spanish rule for the first time, 269 years before the haitian revolution. The recorded history of haiti began on 5 december 1492.
Culture of haiti history, people, clothing, traditions. Haiti s major trading partner is the united states us, which provides the country with preferential trade access to the us market through the haiti hemispheric opportunity through partnership encouragement hope and the haiti economic lift program encouragement acts help legislation. It was inhabited by the taino and arawakan people, who variously called their island ayiti, bohio, and kiskeya quisqueya. The truth about the americas before columbus upside.
The island peoples had had no contact with europeans before 1492, and had never encountered smallpox, measles, flu and similar diseases. Early 1600s the first french settlers begin to occupy western. To keep both names before us, ill use the term arawaktaino to refer to them. The early spanish explorers considered natives use of tobacco to be proof of their savagery and, because of the fire and smoke produced in the consumption of tobacco, evidence of the devils sway in the new world.
The most comprehensive modern history of haiti, from its discovery to the death of the bizarre and sinister dictator papa doc duvalier, this work will arouse both respect and controversy. Haiti ranked last among north american countries in the world economic forums network readiness index nri an indicator for determining the development level of a countrys information and communication technologies. Before the europeans arrived a people called the arawaks lived there. Even before deadly quake, haitis situation was dire dw.
The haitian revolution 14921697 brown university library. New theories elucidate the evolution of caribbean societies. Below is an overview of the arawaktaino native americans, the original natives of the land today called haiti and dominican republic. List of books and articles about haitian revolution online. This is the first well documented book that attempts to use archeological and historical information to create an unbiased understanding of the peoples, communities, scientific advances, commercial and agricultural practices that were in the americas before 1492. This is not so much an original treatment, but i pulled a lot of material together from about a dozen sources, so its more like an extended report. Less known is that his second land fall was at mole st. Colonial legacy the island where haiti is located was named hispaniola by christopher columbus who landed in what is now santo domingo the capital of the dominican republic in 1492 haiti is the only free republic born of a successful slave rebellion. Besides the glowing misfortune of wouldbe wonders such as citadelle. This text provides a history of haiti from 1492 to the end of 1995. The name haiti is derived from the indigenous tainoarawak name for. The 2010 earthquake is believed to be the worst disaster in haitis history. The answer is that almost none are actually available.
In honor of the fourth annual haitiancaribbean book fair. On december 6th, 1492 christopher columbus landed at mole st. Haiti, a name that means mountainous country, is derived from the language of the taino indians who inhabited the island before european colonization. Population, culture history, and sociopolitical processes in ancient puerto rico antonio l. Most people are aware that christopher columbus landed at san salvador on october 12th, 1492, thus discovering the new world for spain. Tranblemannte 12 janvye 2010 nan peyi ayiti was a catastrophic magnitude 7. The history of haiti early history and european colonization independence and early nationhood twentieth century. The best books on haiti five books expert recommendations. From the us occupation to the present the history of haiti. Haiti, in fact, was the first black republic, the only nation born of a slave revolt.
Thus began a totally new phase of life on the island of hispaniola. By 1790 a year before the revolution the colonys population totaled. The trouble with all such stereotypes, as charles c. Haiti and the dominican republic share the island of hispaniola. Tobacco was unknown in europe before 1492, and it carried a negative stigma at first. The economy of haiti is a free market economy with low labor costs. There has been nothing quite like it, before or since.
The historical dictionary of haiti covers the history of haiti starting in 1492 with the initial discovery of the island haiti shares with the dominican. Before reading this book i was very interested on visiting haiti, now i am not so sure. The united states occupation of haiti began on july 28, 1915, when 330 us marines landed at portauprince, haiti, on the authority of us president woodrow wilson. The tumultuous history from pearl of the caribbean to. The library of congress maintains a collection of 80 of the books on its website. John moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of. These thirtysix documents are popularly called columbuss book of privileges. Haiti has a unique history for many reasons, a facet which contributes to its rich and dynamic culture compared to other caribbean nations. Their intertwined histories are rich and complex, heroic at turns and contemptible at others. I have chosen this book because it is set in what is probably the third most traumatic period of haitis history. The second traumatic time was the haitian revolution between 1793 and 1804 and the third one was the period of the duvalier dictatorships and the rule of papa doc from 19571971, followed by his son baby doc until 1986. Caribbean history for most of the literate world today, the first contact that the caribbean had with the outside world was on october 12, 1492 when christopher columbus landed on the island of san salvador. Before the europeans came west indies the places involved.
Jan 12, 2012 throughout its history it has suffered political violence, and in 2010 it suffered a devastating earthquake, which killed over 200,000 people and countless people lost homes and businesses. The death toll is as surprising as the size of the populations before columbus. Assembled by kona shen at brown university, this website offers a timeline of major historical periods, beginning with 1492, when christopher columbus landed on hispaniola, and continuing on to 1697, when spain handed over the western third of the island to france with the treaty of ryswick. Even before the earthquake, the country was wracked by conflict, political instability and. Jun 11, 2006 the first section of the book deals largely with new revelations about the sicknesses such as small pox and hepatitis a which ravaged the native populations of the americas shortly after the arrival of the europeans. Girard is merciless in blaming haitians for their own sorrows, and provides powerful counterarguments to victimcard playing. Tell me about your first book, the comedians by graham greene. Haiti knew a peak in tourism in the 1970s, when a flight route from the bahamas was created, enabling western european tour operators to offer trips to the island, before direct flights were introduced, naturally leading tourists towards neighbouring dominican republic. Founder and chairman of the haiti support group, and head of international relations of the bar council of england, christian wisskirchen selects five books that reveal much. On january 5, 1502, prior to his fourth and final voyage to america, columbus. When his flagship, the santa maria, ran aground near what is now limonade on christmas day 1492, the first european settlement in the americas was established and named.
The story of the haitian people 1492 1995 heinl, robert debs, heinl, nancy gordon on. In 1492 christopher columbus became the first european to discover the island of hispaniola, which has since been divided between the countries of haiti and the dominican republic. On thursday, president donald trump expressed frustration about people coming to the united. Haiti was originally inhabited by the indigenous taino people, before being discovered by the spanish during christopher columbus voyage across the atlantic in 1492. Like maira kalmans fireboat, which put 911 into a context children could grasp, danticat hones her powerful prose into a childs simple, lyrical response to the earthquake, and the eight days it took him to be rescued. It was the second country to become a republic in the americas when it gained independence following a 10year slave rebellion, making it the first republic in the world to be led by people of africandescent. Jan 12, 2018 cnnyou cant mention haiti s struggles without explaining its complicated relationship with the us. Haiti s major exports are light manufactures and coffee. Haiti has a complex, rich, fascinating, and tumultuous culture and history with stories of resistance, revolt, and instability. At its founding haiti was a beacon of freedom, now it is the poorhouse of the western hemisphere. He provides examples of many other nations who have suffered similar or yet worst injustices, yet they have managed to move on and thrive. First comprehensive synthesis of the entire caribbean. In return, they were made to work in the fields and mines, often being worked to death, and killed by european diseases like measles and flu. The arawak people were friendly towards the newcomers.
New revelations of the americas before columbus, is. Historians then paint a picture of christian european domination and cultural supremacy. The route of columbus along the north coast of haiti, and. After independence in 1804, the name was adopted by the military generals, many of them former slaves, who expelled the french and took possession of the colony then known as saint domingue.1589 85 80 240 561 855 394 624 1607 1480 283 129 984 38 530 831 1290 1165 272 1184 1173 207 667 1169 931 118 1175 801 1243 1027 621 386 1013 1316 712 1284 922 1137 510